Polycystic overian disease is the most common female endocrine disease of reproductive age. It is thought to be one of the leading causes of female sub fertility and the most frequent endocrine problem in women of reproductive age.
The principal features are lack of ovulation, resulting in irregular menstruation, absence of menses, ovulation-related infertility, and polycystic ovaries; excessive amounts or effects of androgenic (masculinizing) hormones, resulting in acne and features of sex reversal; and insulin resistance, often associated with obesity, Type 2 diabetes, and high cholesterol levels. The symptoms and severity of the syndrome vary greatly among affected women.
In our society it is the most common lifestyle disease seen in teenage girls. There are 2 out of 5 girls are affected with this complaints. But most of them are unaware of this condition. Pcod is accidentally found out in ultrasound scanning for some other diseases or a routine examination for irregular menstruation. During ultrasound scan we can see immature multiple follicular cysts are seen along the periphery of the ovaries. And ovaries will be enlarged in size.
Possible causes of Pcod
Polycystic Ovarian Disease, is often caused by a hormonal imbalance brought on by Insulin Resistance-related obesity
A report released in the British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology in 2000 indicated that up to 40 percent of women with PCOS have either impaired glucose tolerance or Type 2 Diabetes by age 40. In addition, with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, high levels of insulin stimulate the ovaries to produce large amounts of testosterone (a male hormone), which can contribute to infertility by possibly preventing the ovaries from releasing an ovum each month. High testosterone levels can also cause excessive hair growth, male pattern baldness, and acne.
In women with Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome, Insulin Resistance encourages the storage of fat and the production of excessive amounts of the male hormone testosterone.
A family history of diabetes to parents or a history of pcod to mother will also induce this condition.
Lack of exercise and excess intake of high calorie food will induce an impaired induced insulin metabolism and will cause production of excess androgen hormone production leading to pcod
Common symptoms of Pcod
- No period after you have had one or more normal ones during puberty (secondary amenorrhea)
- Irregular periods, that may come and go and may be very light to very heavy
- PCOS can cause you to develop male-like characteristics. This is called virilization. Symptoms include:
- Body hair growing on the chest, belly, face, and around the nipples
- Decreased breast size
- Enlargement of the female organ button
- Thinning of the hair on the head, called male-pattern baldness
- Voice gets deeper
You may also have skin changes:
- Acne that gets worse
- Dark or thick skin markings and creases around the armpits, groin, neck, and breasts (Acanthosis Nigricans)
Treatment of Polycystic overian disease
Pcod is a complex disease, so that the treatment usually deciding according to the symptom presentation
Weight gain and obesity is common in women with PCOS. Losing weight can help treat the hormone changes and health conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, or high cholesterol.
Losing just 5% of your body weight can help your hormone imbalance and may make it easier to get pregnant.
Other symptomatic treatment for this include
- Make your periods regular
- Prevent type 2 diabetes
- Help you to loss weight when you follow a healthy diet and exercise
Benefits of Regular exercise for a Polycystic woman
Regular exercise has incredible benefits that go way beyond weight loss.
1 – Boost insulin sensitivity. Regular cardio exercise and strength training has been shown to help your body respond better to insulin, lowering your risk for diabetes and other complications.
2 – Lower cholesterol. Women with PCOS are more likely to have high cholesterol and triglycerides. This can also contribute to other complications like metabolic syndrome, which is also more prevalent in women with PCOS. Exercising can help reduce your cholesterol when combined with a healthy, low-fat diet.
3 – Increase endorphins. Women with PCOS are more likely to develop symptoms of depression. When you exercise, your body releases endorphins, which are hormones that promote feelings of wellness. This can help you manage stress and alleviate some symptoms of depression.
4 – Better sleep! Who doesn’t need better sleep? Exercising regularly can help you fall asleep quicker and have a better quality sleep. Women with PCOS are more likely to have problems with sleep apnea, snoring and even insomnia. Try adding in regular exercise – just not right before bed – and see if that helps you get a better sleep at night. Keep in mind that it may take a few days or weeks before you see results; you’ll probably be more tired in the beginning while your body adjusts to the extra activity.
5 – Lower your risk for heart disease. Heart disease is the number one killer of women and women with PCOS are at a much greater risk for developing atherosclerosis, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. Regular cardio exercise strengthens the heart muscle and significantly lowers your risk for these complications.
6 – Regulate hormones. When you burn more calories then you take in, your body feeds off the fat already stored in your body. This of course helps you lose weight. Not only that, but having excess fat has an effect on your hormones, namely estrogen production. Reducing some of those extra fat stores can help get your hormones, and hopefully your PCOS, under control.
7 – Weight loss. And of course, the big one – losing weight. This is usually the number one reason that women give for wanting to start, or continue, their exercise program. Keep in mind that women with PCOS do struggle with weight loss even with a healthy diet and regular cardio and strength training exercise, so this shouldn’t be the primary reason why you exercise. It can be difficult to stay motivated to keep up with a regular exercise plan when you struggle to see results. Rather, try to remember all of the other benefits listed above in mind as you embark on a new exercise plan. That being said, weight loss is more easily accomplished when you live a more active lifestyle, and you may certainly notice your body changing as a result.