Sperm And Male Infertility

By on July 20, 2015
sperm count

Procreation is a simple natural experience for many couple but difficult for some.  Research has shown that one in every five couple with fertility issues, the problem lies with the male. The quality and quantity of your sperm determines your ability to father children.

The health of your sperm is determined by semen analysis.  It is a pre-pregnancy test done on the man.  This test determines the health of a sperm by analyzing sperm count, sperm motility, and sperm morphology. 

Sperm Count

Sperm found per ML of semen with each ejaculation is sperm count.   Normal for a healthy male range from 15 million to 150 million per mL, and the total ejaculate sperm count should be over 22 million.  Man’s average ejaculate contains 14 mL of semen.

Factors that influence low sperm count varies; from hot weather to illness acute or chronic to infrequentsex to hormone imbalance etc.  There are times when your sperm count is normal but sperm motility is sluggish.

Sperm Motility

Sperm motility is the ability of the sperm to move forward.  Sperm has to propel rapidly to reach the egg to fertilize it.  Sluggish forward movement of sperm hinders male fertility.  A sample with 40% sluggish sperm is considered to be low.

A healthy sperm is the output of sperm count + sperm motility + sperm morphology.

Sperm Morphology

A healthy sperm will have an oval shaped head and a long tail.  Defects are in the form of shapeless head and crooked or broken tails.  This can affect the sperm’s ability to fertilize the egg.

EHC brings you few suggestions that will help you gain or regain a healthy sperm.


How to increase your sperm count?

  • Get some sleep.  Try and catch up with a complete 8-hour sleep.  Sperm production is at its peak during the time you sleep. 
  • A balanced diet comprising of food that are low in fat and carbohydrates and high in protein would do wonders to the health of your sperm.  Sperm production also increases if you include green vegetables, fruits, and whole grains to your daily diet.
  • If you are overweight, reduce it, your sperm count depletes.  Keep yourself active.  A daily dose of exercise will help you lose weight.
  • Tobacco is a no, no. Research has proven that smoking adversely effects sperm’s health.    Your smoking can cause problems to your unborn baby too. 
  • Stress is a major impediment to sperm production.  It supports premature ejaculation, erectile dysfunction, and overallsexual dissatisfaction.  Exercise and stress bursting activities are a good way out.
  • Alcohol is another enemy of sperm.  Quit before it is too late.


How to improve sperm motility and sperm morphology?

  • Avoid heat.  Exposure of your testicles to extreme heat can adversely affect sperm motility.  Avoid hot baths and saunas if you and your partner are planning to conceive. 
  • Frequentsex can also affect sperm motility as well as sperm count.  A window of 2-3 days before the next intercourse will ensure a normal sperm count and motility.
  • Deficiency in vitamins and mineral like selenium, zinc, antioxidants, or folate etc can have a negative impact on your sperm.  Eat a diet rich in these vitamins and minerals to negate the impact. 

Image courtesy: cfc.com , extremetech.com , mirror.co.uk 

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